Volume 6 - Special Issue 1 on COVID-19                   Pharm Biomed Res 2020, 6 - Special Issue 1 on COVID-19: 37-44 | Back to browse issues page

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Bunu S J, Vaikosen E N, Nnadozie K W. Chloroquine Phosphate Metabolism and Gender-based Phenotypic Analysis in Healthy Subjects’ Urine Following Oral Administration. Pharm Biomed Res. 2020; 6 :37-44
URL: http://pbr.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-317-en.html
1- Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
Abstract:   (1160 Views)
Background: Chloroquine, 4-N-(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl)-1-N,-N-diethylpentane-1,4-diamine has promising activity against corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and as such, it is imperative to thoroughly understand and determine the rate at which individual body systems metabolizes the drug. Chloroquine a known antimalarial drug belongs to the chemical class of 4-aminoquinolines.
Objectives: The study aimed to analyze Chloroquine and its metabolite in biological fluids of healthy subjects by simple thin layer chromatography (TLC), which is an efficient, and inexpensive method for quantifying Chloroquine and its metabolites.
Methods: A total of 30 healthy volunteers participated in the study by ingesting 500 mg of chloroquine, and the results were compared with side effects experienced by these subjects. Two brands of Chloroquine phosphate were used for the analysis and the urine were collected pre and post-drug administration and the intensities of the spots observed were compared with the reference standard stock solution. The same or greater intensity of sample spot indicates poor metabolizer, less intensity when compared to the stock spot indicates intermediate metabolizer while a much lesser intensity indicates an extensive metabolizer.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the brands of chloroquine used at P<0.05. 30% of the volunteers were assigned poor metabolizer phenotype, 50% were assigned extensive metabolizer phenotype, and 20% assigned Intermediate metabolizer phenotype based on the intensity of spots observed. The majority of the poor metabolizers were females while the majority of the extensive metabolizers were males.
Conclusion: Gender differences plays a vital the role in metabolism, therefore outine implementation of phenotype determination before therapy will therefore greatly improve the goal of therapy and quality of life. implementation of phenotype determination before therapy will, therefore, greatly improve the goal of therapy and quality of life.
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