Volume 6, Issue 3 (2020)                   Pharm Biomed Res 2020, 6(3): 197-204 | Back to browse issues page

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Adikwu E, Clemente Ebinyo N. Selenium Safeguards the Liver Against 5-Fluorouracil Induced Toxicity. Pharm Biomed Res. 2020; 6 (3) :197-204
URL: http://pbr.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-298-en.html
1- Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Niger Delta University, Amassama, Nigeria.
Abstract:   (360 Views)
Background: The hepatotoxic effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) can deprive cancer patients of its maximum therapeutic benefits. Selenium (Se) is a trace element with potential benefits in some animal models of diseases.
Objectives: This study assessed the ability of Se to nullify the hepatotoxic effect of 5-FU in albino rats. 
Methods: In this study, 40 adult male albino rats were grouped into A to D (each 5 rats). Rats in group A (control) were treated intraperitoneally (IP) with normal saline (0.2 mL) daily for 5 days. Rats in groups B1 to B3 were treated IP with Se (0.125, 0.25, and 0.50 mg/kg) daily for 5 days, respectively. Rats in group C were treated IP with 5-FU (20 mg/kg) daily for 5 days. Rats in groups D1to D3 were treated IP with Se with 0.125, 0.25, and 0.50 mg/kg before treatment with 5-FU (20 mg/kg) daily for 5 days, respectively. After treatment, the rats were euthanized, and their blood samples were collected and evaluated for serum liver function. Liver samples were evaluated for biochemical and histological parameters.
Results: Liver and serum aminotransferases, gamma-glutamyl transferase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, and conjugated bilirubin levels were significantly (P<0.001) high in 5-FU-treated rats in comparison to the control group. Liver glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and glutathione levels were significantly (P<0.001) low whereas the malondialdehyde level was significantly (P<0.001) high in 5-FU-treated rats compared with the control group. Moreover, hepatocyte necrosis was observed in 5-FU-treated rats. 
Conclusion: Nonetheless, 5-FU-induced hepatotoxicity was significantly nullified in rats supplemented with Se (0.125 mg/kg, P<0.05; 0.25 mg/kg, P<0.01, and 0.5 mg/kg, P<0.001) in a dose-dependent fashion in comparison to 5-FU-treated rats. Thus, Se may have a clinical benefit in 5-FU-induced hepatotoxicity
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Pharmacology

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